The common conditions are:

  1. Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJ Obstruction)
  2. Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR)
  3. Megaureter
  4. Ureteral duplication
  5. Ureterocele
  6. Neurogenic bladder
  7. Bladder diverticulum
  8. Posterior Urethral Valve
  9. Urethral injury
  10. Foreskin problems
  11. Hypospadias
  12. Epispadias
  13. Undescended testis
  14. Intersex disorders